We all have different skin tones and types, but every single one of us is prone to hyperpigmentation issues. Even seemingly minor skin traumas such as insect bites or scratches could leave your otherwise unblemished complexion with dark spots. Hyperpigmentation is an unsightly condition that could negatively impact all skin types.
First off, you should know what causes hyperpigmentation before treating it. Skin traumas from simple scratches, cuts, bumps, to bug bites, and pimples or acne, and burns could easily disrupt your skin surface where melanin, the pigment that colours your skin, could be found, explains a prominent dermatologist from Shiro Aesthetic Clinic, one of the top aesthetic clinics in Singapore. As your skin begins the healing process, these skin traumas would leave behind pigmentation, hence, dark spots, she adds.
With minor skin traumas such as insect bites and scrapes, you need to treat it promptly with a healing ointment and keep them covered if your skin is significantly broken. For bigger cuts, burns, melisma, sunspots, and acne scars, it’s best that you seek help from a dermatologist for the right treatment plan. In general, your dermatologist might prescribe you bleaching creams containing hydroquinone to even out your skin tone.
Do note though that overuse or improper use of bleaching agents could make your skin pigmentation issues worse. To counteract this, your dermatologist would probably out you on a combination treatment plan that involves alternating the use of hydroquinone cream and other products with glycolic acid, tretinoin, or corticosteroids. Newer pigmentation-fighting ingredients such as kojic acid and azelaic acid could likewise aid in fading your discolouration. If these topical treatments don’t work, the next line of treatment is usually high-strength chemical peels and laser therapy, which are very effective against stubborn pigmentation.
The bad news is that you must be extra vigilant if you are prone to developing hyperpigmentation. For starters, you could prevent further discolouration issues by always wearing broad-spectrum sunblock with an SPF of at least 30. This would help safeguard your skin from the sun’s UV rays that could easily stimulate your skin to produce melanin. And if you do get treatment for your hyperpigmentation, make sure that you go to a trained professional. This is especially true if your treatment includes prescription-strength bleaching agents, chemical peels, and lasers since an untrained professional could make your hyperpigmentation issues worse.