Above-ground petroleum storage tank failures can happen due to a wide variety of internal and external factors. These containers have a lot of enemies, from inadequate ventilation to leaks to environmental elements. Because of the potentially catastrophic consequences of malfunctions, it is vital that owners and operators have a thorough understanding of their responsibilities in maintaining their storage tanks.
As an API 650 storage tank owner, one of your responsibilities is to come up with policies on proper maintenance and error prevention. This way, you can be certain that you remain in abidance with the API 650 Standard, established by the American Petroleum Institute.
Adequacy of ventilation
Too much pressure can build up, or a vacuum may develop when these tanks do not have adequate ventilation. These two possible situations are very dangerous, as they can lead to tank explosions.
The design of your tanks should have factored in appropriately sized vents. If you do not abide by the API standard, the tanks can malfunction, ultimately resulting in tank failures.
Regular inspection of vents and removal of blockages
Moreover, your maintenance policies should include regular inspection of the vents to avoid any clog. Various environmental elements such as dirt, dust, and debris can cause blockages on the tanks.
Proper operator usage
All API tank operators should have undergone extensive training to prevent errors. For instance, when an operator rapidly empties out a tank, this increases the risk of vacuum development, which can then cause roof or shell collapse. Overfilling the container also poses hazards, as it can cause a buildup of pressure, leakage, damage to the roof, or spills.
Keeping your facilities safe and secure while also preventing disasters should be a top priority, so make sure you remain in compliance with the appropriate API standard.