Sleep Apnea: Types, Symptoms and Treatment

Early Treatment for Obstructive Sleep ApneaSleep apnea is a condition wherein a patient stops breathing or having shallow respiration for a few seconds while asleep, according to the experts from Sleep apnea treatment in Salt Lake City is essential as the condition is potentially life-threatening. A short duration without oxygen transport impairs the normal cell processes in the body. Since sleep apnea typically occurs 30 times per hour, this could result in permanent neurological damage.

Types of Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea can be classified based on the underlying medical condition that causes a lack of ventilation. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is the most common type, is characterized by partial or complete obstruction of the passageway of air. Structural deformities in the respiratory tract result to the occlusion of entry and exit of air during respiration. This leads to sleep disturbance since the person frequently gasps for air to maintain breathing.

Central sleep apnea occurs when a neurologic disorder causes breathing to stop over and over. The brain does not send signals to stimulate the respiratory system. This is a more serious illness since other symptoms of neurologic problems may be present.

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

A person with sleep apnea experiences excessive daytime fatigue despite having a complete number of hours of sleep. Apneic patients also experience morning headaches, irritability, personality changes and sexual dysfunction.

Snoring is the most common clinical manifestation among patients with OSA. However, history must be obtained from the bed partner of the patient, since approximately 75% of patients who deny snoring are found to snore upon objective screening. Breathing difficulties and increased urination at night are other prominent symptoms among patients with sleep apnea.

What to Do When You Suspect Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a condition that requires immediate diagnosis. Hence, you must consult a sleep specialist who can evaluate and confirm the diagnosis. If you have OSA, dentists will provide oral appliance therapy to stabilize the upper airway to inhibit labored breathing. A custom-made appliance serves as an effective sleep apnea treatment because it maintains the patency of the air passageway.