Anesthesia Basics: Changes in the Modern Medicine

Administering anesthesia is a critical part of preparing a patient for surgery. It requires great expertise and experience to be able to deliver the right amount of the anesthetic gases. With proper anesthesia management, the patient is rendered unconscious only for the required time period and nothing more. That is why most doctors prefer to take the help of professionals in the field — anesthesiologists.

Before, to administer anesthesia, experts use an anesthetic injection, but these days, the practice is to call in anesthesiologists who knows how to use the anesthesia machines. This machine essentially supports anesthesia administration. But, it performs other vital functions, too. Here’s a look at the different uses of an anesthesia machine from the North American Partners in Anesthesia.

Different Types of Anesthesia

The basic use of the anesthesia machine is to administer different types of anesthesia, namely:

  • General – renders the patient completely unconscious
  • Regional – numbs the patient’s nerves in the spinal cord; thereby, reducing pain sensation
  • Local – numbs a particular part of the body that requires medical attention

To administer these anesthesia types, two different types of machines can be used:

  • Intermittent – supplies anesthetic gases only during inspiration
  • Continuous flow – delivers a regulated flow of anesthetic gases along with nitrous oxide and oxygen

Other uses

In addition, modern anesthetic machines function as the following:

  • Ventilators – mechanically provide air for breathing into and out of the lungs when the patient is lying unconscious on the operation table
  • Suction units – used to remove serum or mucous from the body cavity while the operation is being performed
  • Patient monitoring devices – monitor the vital parameters of the patient when the surgery is on

Safety regulator

Furthermore, the anesthesia machine can be used as a safety regulation device. This is because it comprises of a number of safety features that prevent hypoxia and poor ventilator function. It also has an alarm bell should the patient monitoring device malfunction. There’s also a safety system in the machine that prevents the wrong piped gases from being inserted into the wrong inlets.

Considering that the anesthesia machines of today are multitaskers, companies dealing with anesthesia management are highly in-demand in the medical world.